Primary sources of information are the best defense against pundits’ opinions, sound bites, disinforming attack ads, or free-floating claims and counter-claims.
Examples of primary information sources are listed here: (to be updated--check back) This is just to help you get started—there are many more primary sources you can find yourself.
Possibly the most important primary source is the actual text of Congressional bills. You can read these bills via Sunlight Foundation's Open Congress at bottom of that page, use GoTo or go to the Congressional on-line sources: House Legislation or U.S. Senate Legislation
It’s true: Informing yourself from primary sources requires more time and effort than a quick listen to sound-bite news summaries, political ads, and so on. Is it worth taking the time? Yes, because you get the facts, plus you can take the time to digest and critically think about these facts--then take well-informed action and also vote for your best interests.
Fortunately, for a responsible citizen, there’s generally time one can allocate for being a factually informed citizen.
You can learn for yourself about Republican, Democrat or other agendas. Just read summaries of the bills that are introduced over a long enough period of time, and a pattern or agenda will emerge. Reading these bills informs you of the agenda that will be legislated if one party has control of Congress (House and Senate)—even more so, if the President represents the same party that has control of Congress. Whatever the agenda is, you need to read enough, long enough in order for you to understand what the pattern is—that means staying up to date with new bills as they are introduced.
Being factually informed does require your time, effort and critical thinking skills. Learn the facts, inform others, and VOTE-for-America every election year.
Btw, learn the difference between debt and deficit. And while you're at it, learn about why taxes are needed; about the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 and why it was legislated; about America's trade deficit and what policies engendered it. Also, it'd be helpful to learn about expatriated untaxed corporate profits and compare that total to the current deficit (not debt).
prop•a•gan•da, noun \ präpəˈɡandə\ derogatory information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
factb>, noun \ˈfakt\
something that truly exists or happens : something that has actual existence
a true piece of information